A circular economy is a regenerative system in which resource input and waste, emission, and energy leakage are minimised by slowing, closing, and narrowing material and energy loops. This can be achieved through long-lasting design, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling. This stands in contrast to linear economy which is a ”take, make and dispose” model of production. Circular economy is about closing the loops, as well as socially, economically and ecologically.
The EU has in 2015 decided about a package of circulare conomy, which includes all member countries, and it´s implemented in all member countries legislation this year.